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How to Split Shoulders Between Push & Pull Day

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The deltoids are made up of 3 heads; the anterior (front) lateral (middle) and posterior (rear). This means that in order to effectively target the whole of the deltoids, movements must be performed which require each head to contract and relax.

Splitting your training into a Push/Pull/Legs routine has become popular over recent years, as it’s possible to train each muscle group twice per week when training 6 days per week and taking one off-day, and also allows for 48 hours rest between performing the same exercises to promote recovery.

What is Push/Pull/Legs?

This routine splits the upper body by posterior and anterior chain, in order to separate the movements that require pushing/pressing movements and pulling/raising movements. The third day is solely lower body movements.

  • Push Day – Chest Presses (Horizontal), Chest Flys, Shoulder Presses (Vertical) and Triceps Extension/Press Movements.
  • Pull Day – Low/Medial Rows (Horizontal), High-Rows (Vertical), Shoulder Accessories (Lateral/Front Raises & Transverse Abduction for Rear Deltoids), as well as Bicep Curls.

Shoulders During Push Day

In order to target the anterior (front) deltoids effectively it’s important to perform vertical/incline pressing movements.

Exercises you should definitely consider within your push day include:

  • Military Press
  • Incline Dumbbell Press
  • Incline Bench Press
  • Arnold Press
  • Incline Chest Press (Plate Loaded or Stack & Pin)

Shoulders During Pull Day

Shoulder accessory movements are important for targeting the lateral and rear delts.

Exercises you should definitely consider within your pull day include:

  • Lateral Raises (Dumbbell)
  • Front Raises (Dumbbell)
  • Rear Deltoid Fly (Stack & Pin Machine or Dumbbell)
  • Face Pulls (Cable with Rope)
  • Upright Row

Rotating Your Pull/Push Workouts

As there are 5 different types of shoulder exercise for both Push and Pull day, it may be worth rotating the exercises between your sessions. The beauty of rotating Push/Pull/Legs twice per week is that you are able to target each muscle group twice every week and therefore you have the opportunity to utilise a variety of exercises.

Full Push Day One (Example)

  • Decline Barbell Bench Press
  • Incline Dumbbell Press
  • Chest Press (Plate-Loaded)
  • Arnold Press
  • Triceps Extension (EZ Bar – Cable)
  • Skull Crushers

4 Sets of Each (Total Sets 24)

Full Pull Day One (Example)

  • Lat Pull Down
  • Dumbbell Row
  • Uni-Lateral Vertical Plate Loaded Row
  • Uni-Lateral Horizontal Plate Loaded Row
  • Lateral Raise (Dumbbells)
  • Rear Deltoid Fly (Stack & Pin Machine)
  • Biceps Curl (EZ Bar – Cable)
  • Biceps Curl (Alternate Dumbbells)

3 Sets of Each (Total Sets 24)

Each of the heads of the deltoids will be targeted by using the above 2 training plans for Push and Pull day. However, in order to keep the volume up and make use of the rest of the exercises mentioned previously, I have created a second Push and Pull day which can be used in conjunction with the above.

Full Push Day Two (Example)

  • Military Press
  • Flat Bench Press
  • Shoulder Press (Plate Loaded)
  • Chest Fly (Cables)
  • Triceps Dips
  • Triceps Overhead Extension (Barbell)

4 Sets of Each (Total Sets 24)

Full Pull Day Two (Example)

  • Rack-Pull Deadlifts
  • Lat Pull Down (Close Grip)
  • T-Bar Row
  • Pullovers (Cable – EZ Bar)
  • Front Raises (Dumbbell)
  • Face Pulls (Cable – Rope)
  • Upright Row
  • Biceps Curl (Rope – Cable) SUPER SET W/ Biceps Curl (Barbell)

3 Sets of Each (Total Sets 24)

Whole Session Time

Each of the above training routines consist of 24 sets. Every set should take 45 seconds to 1 minute to perform, and a rest period of the same time should be taken between each set and exercise. This brings the full session time to 48 minutes excluding a warm-up and cool-down. I would recommend a 5-minute row prior to each session as a warm-up accompanied by some dynamic warm-up movements, and a 5-minute cycle as a cool-down followed by static stretches.

Take Home Message

Rather than splitting your training days into individual muscle groups (e.g.; shoulders, arms, chest, legs, back), this routine allows you to target each muscle group more frequently. Be sure to split your shoulder movements between Push and Pull day, as each head can be isolated using different movements.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

George Platt (BA, Hons.) is a Personal Trainer, Online Coach and Fitness/Nutrition Writer. George’s passion for physical activity and health developed from a young age after having open heart surgery. You can find out more about George via his website or Instagram: @GeorgePFitness93.

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